Riedel, Rafał (2022): Polish Economy and the European Union’s Single Market. LI Facts 4/2022. Liechtenstein-Institut, Gamprin-Bendern.


On 1st January 2023 the European Single Market turned 30 years old. Poland – as the new member state – has been participating in it for almost two decades. According to European Commission, the Single Market adds to the EU economies 8–9% of GDP (compared to the WTO terms of trade).