Riedel, Rafał (2022): Poland in the European Union. LI Facts 3/2022. Liechtenstein-Institut, Gamprin-Bendern.


After the transition of 1989, joining the European Communities was one of the two Polish priorities, not only of its Foreign Policy but of the long-term development strategy. The other one was a membership in NATO, which was achieved in 1999. These two events crowned the Western aspirations and the “Return to Europe” orientation that Poland took after freeing itself from the era of communism and post-WWII
dependence from Moscow.

This fact sheet is published within the framework of the initiative “Exploring Liechtenstein’s and Poland’s Perspectives on European Integration", supported by  the Bilateral Fund of the European Economic Area Financial Mechanism 2014-2021 and Norwegian Financial Mechanism 2014–2021.