Schlüsselwörter: Wahlprogramme, Liechtenstein, Comparative Manifestos Project, Parteien.
The 1970 to 2017 manifestos of the Liechtenstein political parties were coded and analysed according to the coding instructions of the internationally co-ordinated “Comparative Manifestos Project”. Only a few parties contested the parliamentary elections in Liechtenstein, sometimes only two, but at most four (1989, 2013 and 2017). The ideological distance between the parties has never been large. The two major rival parties – the Patriotic Union and the Progressive Citizens’ Party – both tend towards the political centre, while the smaller parties diverge somewhat from this position. The Free List presents as a moderate left-wing party, but since its first candidature in 1986 its manifesto has moved progressively towards the centre. According to the manifesto analysis, The Independents, who first contested an election in 2013, were located to the right of the political spectrum, 2017 in the centre. Demands for a planned economy are very rarely expressed by any party, whereas market economics are much more strongly promoted – mostly by the two big parties and especially emphasized in the 2013 election. Welfare state demands, on the other hand, come more from the small opposition party Free List, while the theme of international peace attracts little attention from anyone.
Keywords: Manifestos, Liechtenstein, Comparative Manifestos Project, Political Parties.