Studied law at the University of Basel with doctorate in 1977. Attorney at law. 1980 to 2015 Member of the Board of Trustees of the Allgemeines Treuunternehmen ATU, Vaduz (2002 to 2015 Chairman). 2001 to 2016 Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of VP Bank. From February 1993 to 1997 Member of Parliament (FBP). 1985 to 1993 judge at the State Court of Justice. President of the Liechtenstein Institute since 1986.